Our Favorite Deciduous Trees

Below is a hardiness key by location:

Location

USDA Hardiness Zone

Bend

3 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Crooked River Ranch

4 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Culver

4 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

La Pine

3 to 4

Madras

4 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Prineville

3 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Redmond

3 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Sisters

3 to 5 (Sometimes 6)

Growth Rates:
Typically our growing season is from spring to the end of summer. Growth rates vary depending on the species, climate, shade requirements, access to sunlight, root growth limitations, and many other variables. Not all growing seasons are the same. A saying goes first they sleep, then they creep, then they leap. In other words, expect the growth rates during the initial two to three seasons to be slow and low.
Generally sun loving and dwelling deciduous trees grow faster than shade loving and dwelling trees. Sun loving trees with a big spreading canopy can grow upwards of a foot of growth per growing season.   

Native: Eastern-central Europe and western Asia

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9

Leaf and fall color: Dark green glossy (some varieties are deep red) foliage in the summer. Yellow (some varieties are maroon-red) in the fall. Palm shaped leaves have 5 lobes, arranged on opposite sides of branches.

Flowers & pollinators: Showy yellow-green flowers in the spring before leaves open. Pollinated by insects and wind. Produce helicopter (samara) fruit (produced in large quantities). 

Sun Exposure: Full sun and part shade tolerant

Canopy Shape: Broad oval spreading (dense) 

Height & Width in Bend: 30-35’ tall and 15-25′ wide. 

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Very hardy hot and dry withstanding tree. Protect young trees from browsing and antler raking. Beautiful gold/yellow fall foliage and summer shade. Dried leaves are toxic to horses.

Native: North America – Along the east coast from Newfoundland to Florida and West to Texas 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9

Leaf and fall color: Green Spring and Summer to spectrum of red in the fall. Palm shaped leaves, arranged on opposite sides of branches. 3-5 lobes per leaf.  

Flowers & pollinators: In clusters, late winter early spring (before leaves open), flowers are red with 5 small petals. Some have helicopter (samara) seed carried by wind.  Wind and insect pollination. 

Sun Exposure: Full Sun

Canopy Shape: Varies but mostly rounded oval and spreading. 

Height & Width in Bend: Varies but at most 25-30’ and 15-20’ wide 

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Big shade makers and beautiful fall foliage. Dried leaves are toxic to horses. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. 

Fun Fact: Used for maple syrup production in the US. 

Native: Eastern Canada and Eastern US 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9

Leaf and fall color: Palm shaped leaves, 5 lobes, arranged on opposite sides of branches. Green in the summer and yellow-orange sometimes reddish in the fall. 

Flowers & pollinators: Clusters of yellow-green flowers (no petals) in the spring before leaves open. Pollinated by insects and wind. Helicopter (samara) fruit.  

Sun Exposure: Full sun but shade tolerant

Canopy Shape: Rounded oval spreading 

Height & Width in Bend: 40’ tall and 20’ wide.

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Providing shade and beautiful fall color. Dried leaves are toxic to horses. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking on trunks.  

Fun Fact: Most famous tree for maple syrup production especially in US. 

Native: Central China

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9

Leaf and fall color:  Leaves comes out bronze in spring green in summer, 3 lobes, arranged on opposite sides of branches. Bright red leaves in the fall.  

Flowers & pollinators: Small green-yellow flowers appear when leaves are emerging. Wind and insect pollinated. Produce bright green helicopter (samara) fruit.  

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Canopy Shape: Multi-stem or single stem, Rounded oval spreading canopy 

Height & Width in Bend: 10-15’ tall and 8-10’ wide.

Growth Rate: Slow-Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1 per year.

Planting Notes: Could be potted due to it’s slow growing nature. Bark provides winter appeal. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. Dried leaves are toxic to horses.

Native: Pacific Northwest America from Canada to California. 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9

Leaf and fall color: Small bright green palm shaped leaves, 7-9 lobes, arranged on opposite sides of branches. Bright orange-red leaves in the fall.  

Flowers & pollinators: Clustered small white-green flowers with red bracts in the early spring pollinated by wind and insects. Produce deep red-green helicopter (samara) seed.  

Sun Exposure: Part sun to shade.

Canopy Shape: Multi-stemmed, spreading and horizontal sprawling 

Height & Width in Bend: 10-15’ tall and 8’ wide.

Growth Rate: Slow-Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1 per year.

Planting Notes: Needs partial shade, Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. Avoid pruning heavily. Dried leaves are toxic to horses.

Fun Fact: Sometimes the bark is bright green to red. 

Native: Japan, China, and Korea, long cultivated in Japan. 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-8

Leaf and fall color: Different varieties – may be red, yellow, or orange  

Sun Exposure: Part shade to full shade

Canopy Shape: round to vase-shaped.

Height & Width in Bend: 15’ tall 8-10′ wide. 

Growth Rate: Slow – less than 1’ per year

Planting Notes: Needs afternoon shade.  Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. Dried leaves are toxic to horses.

Fun Fact: Massive diversity of varieties within this single species!   

Shumard Oak

Native: North America – North Carolina to Florida and Oklahoma to Texas

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9

Leaf and fall color: Classic oak leaf shape, green in the spring and summer, red-burgundy in the fall 

Flowers & pollinators: Flowers are creamy yellow-green catkins that develop into acorns

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Canopy Shape: Pyramidal and ages to become more rounded and spreading

Height & Width in Bend: 30-40’ and 15’ wide.

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Prefers moist soils. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking 

Fun Fact: Support a wide array of wildlife throughout the year. 

Pin Oak

Native: North America from Connecticut and Ontario to Georgia and Oklahoma.  

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-8

Leaf and fall color: Classic oak leaf shape, green in the spring and summer, red-bronze in the fall 

Flowers & pollinators: Flowers are creamy yellow-green catkins that develop into acorns (which won’t be developing until 15-20 years old)

Sun Exposure: Full sun 

Canopy Shape: Pyramidal and ages to become more rounded and spreading

Height & Width in Bend: 30-40’ and 20’ wide

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking 

Fun Fact: Support a wide array of wildlife throughout the year.

Native: Northeast China and Mongolia

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-5

Leaf and fall color: Pointed teardrop shape, green and green-silver-white on underside, 3-5” long, arranged on alternating sides of branches. gold/yellow in the fall. 

Flowers & pollinators: Male and female trees, catkins, wind pollinated, we carry male trees so they don’t drop seed.  

Sun Exposure: Full sun 

Canopy Shape: Columnar and broadening with age but remaining dense. 

Height & Width in Bend: 30-40’ tall and 5-6’ wide in. 

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Prefers moist soils. Windbreak and hedge like tree. Protect young trees from browsing and antler raking. 

Fun Fact: Non-suckering tree! 

Quaking Aspen

Native: The most widely distributed tree of North America, from Canada to Northern Mexico. 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-6

Leaf and fall color: Bright green spade shaped leaves ~2-5” long, distinctly tremble in the wind, vivid gold-yellow fall color. 

Flowers & pollinators: Male and Female trees have catkins, wind pollinated. We carry male trees so they don’t drop seed. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade 

Canopy Shape: Conical and multi-stemmed considering how it resprouts easily. 

Height & Width in Bend: 25-30’+ tall and 15’ wide (has a tendency to sucker and sprout) 

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Prefers moist soil. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking.  

Fun Fact: One colony, named Pando, is considered the heaviest and oldest living organism on the planet. Pando spans across 43 hectares, weighs six million kilograms, and is perhaps 80,000 years old. 

Swedish Aspen

Native: Cultivar developed in sweden 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-5

Leaf and fall color: Similar to aspen, soft yellow-red-rust color in the fall

Flowers & pollinators: Male and Female trees have catkins, wind pollinated. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Canopy Shape: Columnar 

Height & Width in Bend: 25-30’’ tall and 4-5’ wide. 

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Prefers moist soil. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. For optimal growth, water in the summer and plant in the full sun. 

Fun Fact: Similar to aspen but don’t have as much suckering potential. 

Native: Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-9

Leaf and fall color: Leaves are arranged in an alternating fashion, spade shaped, 1-3”, light green, turning yellow-gold in the fall. 

Flowers & pollinators: Wind pollinated catkins 

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade One of the few heat tolerant birches.

Canopy Shape: Pyramid-rounded with age (carried as multi-stem and single stem). 

Height & Width in Bend: 20-30’ tall and 15-20’ wide.

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Does best in moist soils. Papery white-pink-brown bark 

Fun Fact: Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. Sap can be fermented to make birch beer and syrup 

Native: Pacific Coast from southeastern Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, to southern California, also found in northern Idaho.

USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8

Leaf and fall color: Simple looking arranged on alternating sides of branches, ~2-5” long, green-yellow in the summer and yellow in the fall. 

Flowers & pollinators: Catkins that are wind pollinated 

Sun Exposure: Sun – Full Shade (prefers moist soils)

Canopy Shape: Open conical

Height & Width in Bend: 20-30’ tall and 10-12’  wide.

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes:   A native tree of the pacific northwest especially found in drainages and wetlands. Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. 

Fun Fact: Associates with a soil bacterium that fixes nitrogen inside of the trees roots where the tree hosts the bacterium. 

Native: East Asia

USDA Hardiness Zone: 4-9

Leaf and fall color: Fan shaped leaves with veins that radiate from the base of the leaf. Bright green in the summer and gold in the fall.

Flowers & pollinators: Male tree not producing fruit. Only male flowers that are dispersed by wind. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun-Part shade 

Canopy Shape: Rounded open 

Height & Width in Bend: 15-20’ tall and 10’ wide. Slender when young but broadening with age.

Growth Rate: Slow – less than 1’ per year

Planting Notes: Protect young trees from browsing and antler raking

Fun Fact: This tree is ancient and more closely related to conifers than broadleaf deciduous trees 

Native: Cultivars of trees from Euro-Asia 

USDA Hardiness Zones: Vary (ranges from 3-9 depending on variety)

Leaf and fall color: Green leaves that are simple and typically turning yellow-orange-red in the fall 

Flowers & pollinators: white-pink flowers that are insect pollinated, bearing delicious fruit (see cheat sheet for variety details) 

Sun Exposure: Full sun 

Canopy Shape: Round oval broadening with age

Height & Width in Bend: 10-15’ tall and 10’ wide

Growth Rate: Fast – ~1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted 1-2’+ per year. 

Planting Notes: Should be pruned when leaves are not on the tree (early spring/winter) for healthy structure and to manage bearing fruit weight. Mature trees can be pruned in the summer to manage fruit development. Protect young trees from browsing and antler raking. May require a companion tree to cross pollinate with. 

*We have varieties that you can eat right off the tree or use for baking. Some varieties are self fertile. 

Native: Cultivar derived from Pyrus calleryana a tree from China and Vietnam 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9

Leaf and fall color: Glossy green leaves are 3-5” long and turn red-orange in the fall 

Flowers & pollinators: White, showy, fragrant, pollinated by insects and developing small yellow fruit eaten by birds. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun 

Canopy Shape: Columnar to oval shaped 

Height & Width in Bend: 20-25’ tall and 8’ wide 

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Commonly planted near streets in parking strips. Protect young trees from browsing and antler raking.

Fun Fact: Attracting pollinators and birds. 

Native: Japanese origin, cultivar developed in Oregon

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-9

Leaf and fall color: Simple pointed deep red-green leaves in the spring-summer that turn fiery bronze in the fall.  

Flowers & pollinators: Layered blossoms of deep pink, fragrant, showy, and insect pollinated..

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade 

Canopy Shape: Broad open 

Height & Width in Bend: 20’ tall and 8-10’ wide. 

Growth Rate: Slow-Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1 per year.

Planting Notes:  Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. 

Native: Cultivar developed in California in the 1950s – Prunus cerasifera originates from southeast Europe and western Asia.   

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-8

Leaf and fall color: Simple, deep red in the spring then turning purple-maroon late spring and throughout the rest of the growing season, brighter red in fall, 3-4” long. 

Flowers & pollinators: Showy fragrant pink blossoms, spring bloomer, insect pollinated. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Canopy Shape: Round spreading

Height & Width in Bend: 15-18’ tall and 10’ wide.

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Pretty blooms that attract pollinators and add colorful interest in landscape.  Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. 

Native: North America

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-10

Leaf and fall color: Leaves are green when they emerge then turn purple/burgundy after blooming, and redish purple in the fall. 

Flowers & pollinators: Clusters of sweet smelling, white flowers in the spring are pollinated by insects and develop into tiny green fruit devoured by birds. 

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade 

Canopy Shape: Rounded Oval

Height & Width in Bend: 18-20’ tall and 10-12’ wide.

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. 

Fun Fact: Attracts wildlife 

Native: Western and southern Europe (C. mas), East Asian (C. kousa), and Eastern North America and North Mexico (C. florida ‘pendula’)

USDA Hardiness Zone: Vary (ranging from 4-9 depending on the variety)

Leaf and fall color: Green in the summer and red or yellow in fall. 

Flowers: white or pink 

Sun Exposure: Part sun-Full shade

Canopy Shape: Oval, multi stem – (vase shaped or weeping)

Height & Width in Bend: 15-18’ tall and 8-10’ wide 

Growth Rate:  Slow – less than 1’ per year

Planting Notes: Typically a shade dweller, protect young trees from browsing and antler raking

Native: hybrid cross between M. ‘Lemoinei’ and M. ‘Klehm’s’ 

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-9

Leaf and fall color: Vary from green to red-purple

Flowers & pollinators: Rosey pink, white, and magenta, pollinated by bees and other insects.

Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade

Canopy Shape: Rounded and broadening with age

Height & Width in Bend: 15-20′ tall and 8-12′ wide (broadening with age).

Growth Rate: Moderate – less than 1’ per year first 2-3 years. After becoming fully rooted ~1+ per year.

Planting Notes: Protect young trees from deer browsing and antler raking. Toxic to horses. 

Fun Fact: Some varieties can cross-pollinate with dwarf apple trees and produce edible fruits that are notable for jellies and jams. Fruit attracts birds.